The caption reads (machine translation):
Théroigne de Méricourt is whipped by the women
Colored copper engraving from 1800
Per Wikipedia, this scene would appear to depict a sort of rough political argument from the French revolutionary period. It is said that Théroigne de Méricourt was delivering a speech in May of 1793 when she was attacked by a group of women allied with the Jacobins. The women, objecting to her pro-Girondin sentiments, stripped her naked and beat her severely.